Tag: DVT

Upvote Story 5
Based on study of more than 28,000 TJA patients, presurgical ABO blood group testing looks like an inexpensive way to identify patents at increased risk for symptomatic postoperative VTE. Prophylaxis regimens can dramatically lower the chances of a patient developing venous thromboembolism (VTE), one of the most serious complications of total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). The challenge lies in choosing and balancing the... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
By incorporating algorithms into the electronic health record (EHR), UPMC was able to realize a “dramatic” 72% reduction in missed doses, from 4,331 missed doses in 2014 to 1,193 in 2015, Dr. Neal told attendees in a session focused on hot topics in surgical patient safety. That decrease in missed doses has translated into a decreased rate of VTE, from an already relatively low rate... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 4
As the use of chest CT-angiograms in emergency departments and medical wards has risen by more than tenfold, so has the discovery of small pulmonary emboli of unclear clinical significance. These PEs are often isolated to distal (subsegmental) branches of the pulmonary artery, without concurrent deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Small distal PEs may be incidentally found in an asymptomatic patient; more often, these PEs are... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 18
This issue of Critical Care Clinics focuses on Mechanical Circulartory Support. Editors Nitin Puri and Michael Baram have assembled an expert team of authors on topics such as: History of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO); Evolution current technique and equipment; Program Development; Review ELSO standards; Cardiac Failure of medical management; Cardiac Management and Complications; Pre-Respiratory; Respiratory Management and Complications; Post ECMO management; Post ECMO complication; DVT;... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 22
ICU patients are high risk of developing thrombotic complications such as deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Indeed, due to the hypercoagulative state typical for many forms of critical illness associated with risk factors as prolonged immobilization or the use of intravascular devices, ICU patients are at higher risk for thrombotic complications. Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 24
A truly practical guidebook for anyone who needs the key information on the diagnosis, management and prevention of venous thromboembolism. Specific areas of focus include understanding the risk factors for VTE and the role of the right ventricle in PE pathophysiology. Efficient algorithms for diagnosis and exclusion of DVT and PE are emphasized. An state-of-the-art review of current techniques for the management of high risk... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
The clinical diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) can be challenging given its variable presentation, requiring dependence on objective testing. Decision instruments such as PERC and the Wells’ score help stratify patients to low or high probability, enabling focused use of CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) for diagnosis. However, despite these algorithms, there is evidence of increasing use of CTPA along with diminishing diagnostic rate (less than... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 8
Few head-to-head treatment comparisons have sufficient evidence. Most studies evaluated low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), not low-risk interventions (such as aspirin and mechanical devices); most reported on total deep vein thrombosis (DVT), an outcome that includes asymptomatic DVT and is thus of unclear clinical value. In THR, LMWH has lower VTE and adverse event risks than unfractionated heparin; LMWH and aspirin have similar risks of... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 3
Principles learned from a successful improvement program can increase compliance and reduce hospital acquired VTEs (HA-VTEs) across multiple institutions. Can a single institution’s VTE prophylaxis program be scaled to increase prophylaxis and reduce HA-VTEs across multiple institutions? Hospital systems can reduce HA-VTE and increase VTE prophylaxis by implementing a bundle of interventions and these efforts are highest yield for Oncologic and Surgical populations. Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Where to place a central venous catheter is a decision driven mainly by individual experience and preference. The limited evidence available has not established any site as superior; the subclavian position has been reported as being less infection-prone, but more likely to cause pneumothorax, compared to other sites. A large French randomized trial adds significantly to the evidence base. All central venous catheters should be... Read More | Comment