Tag: ECMO

Upvote Story 14
The Advanced Ventilator Book is a companion to the best-selling The Ventilator Book and is written for clinicians who already have a solid foundation in the basics of mechanical ventilation. It goes beyond the ventilator itself to discuss strategies for severe hypoxemia and rescue maneuvers for refractory respiratory failure. Subjects covered in The Advanced Ventilator Book include: Optimal PEEP, Treatment of severe bronchospasm, Prone positioning,... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 8
This highly informative book provides essential insights for ICU nurses at ECMO centers around the world, who face the substantial challenges involved in the management of ECMO patients. Above all, it meets their training needs with regard to bedside monitoring for these patients, which has become a major issue. The editors and most of the contributors serve at La Pitié-Salpétrière ICU, France, which, in terms... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Multi-system organ failure is ubiquitous but treatable with adequate hemodynamic support. Neurologic recovery was prolonged requiring delayed prognostication. Immediate 24/7 availability of surgical and medical specialty expertise was required to achieve 48% functionally intact survival. Of 100 appropriately transported patients, 83 achieved CICU admission. 40/83 (48%) discharged functionally intact. Multi-system organ failure occurred in all patients. Cardiac, pulmonary, renal, and liver injury improved within 3-4... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 7
Changes in lactate levels after ECMO implantation is an important tool to assess effective circulatory support and it is found superior to single lactate measurements as a prognostic sign of mortality in our study. Based on our results, an early insertion of ECMO before lactate gets high was suggested. Serial changes on lactate levels and calculation of its clearance may be superior to single lactate... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 10
The proportion of pediatric patients undergoing percutaneous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation is increasing. Mechanical and physiologic complications occur with both methods of cannulation, but percutaneous cannulation appears safe in this cohort. Further analysis is needed to evaluate long-term outcomes with this technique. Of 3,501 patients identified, 77.2% underwent open cannulation, with the frequency of open cannulation decreasing over the study period from approximately 80% to... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal support are marginally integrated. The best environment for lung healing – complete lung collapse or protective ventilation strategy or fully open and immobile lung (all three conditions feasible with extracorporeal support) – remains to be defined. Recent studies provide a description on how mechanical ventilation is normally applied in combination with extracorporeal support in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The data... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Prevalence of HIT among patients under VA‑ECMO is extremely low at 0.36% with an associated mortality rate of 33.3%, which appears to be in the same range as that observed in patients treated with VA‑ECMO without HIT. In addition, HIT was ultimately ruled out in one‑third of patients with clinical suspicion of HIT and positive anti‑PF4/heparin antibodies. A total of 5797 patients under VA‑ECMO were... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 7
Mr. Jackson is a 36-year-old man whom you are caring for in the intensive care unit (ICU). Before this hospitalization, he was healthy and took no medications. He has never smoked, and he drinks three or four beers every week. A week ago, a couple of coworkers in his office had respiratory illnesses, and a day later, he started having fever, chills, cough, and generalized... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
This is the first extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation report to examine changes in Functional Status Scale from admission (baseline) to discharge as a measure of overall functional outcome. Half of surviving patients (19/38) had new morbidity, while 68% (26/38) had favorable outcomes. Lactate levels, duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation were not found to be risk factors for the development of new... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 13
Our objective was to characterize sedation management in adult patients with severe respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). We conducted a retrospective chart review of these patients treated at Toronto General Hospital between January 2012 and October 2015. Medications administered (sedative, analgesic, paralytic, and antipsychotic), sedation depth (Sedation Agitation Scale [SAS] score) delirium assessments, and mobilization were recorded daily. Forty-five... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 4
The multistep extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) team training increased staff’ knowledge, technical skills, teamwork, and self-confidence, allowing the successful development of a neonatal respiratory ECMO program. Conventional training was perceived as relevant in the early phase of the program development, while the active learning emerged to be more beneficial to master ECMO knowledge, specific skills, and team performance. A multistep educational program was delivered in... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 21
A crash course in Critical Care! Stabilize, treat, and save your sickest patients in the ed or the field – with ACEP’s ultimate resuscitation guide. packed with succinct evidence-based chapters written by the nation’s foremost authorities. With an in-depth and up-to-date description of the unique presentation, differential diagnosis, and management of specific critical illness, this second edition emphasizes on ECMO, sepsis, neuro, critical care, pulmonary... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 6
In this episode, Zack talks with Heidi Dalton about ECMO use in Sepsis. This is another controversial area with pediatric literature showing strong results while the adult results have been less impressive. Heidi has been a key figure in both adult and pediatric ECMO. She is the former chair of the yearly ELSO conference. She is a professor at both George Washington University and Virginia... Read More | Comment