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What is the lowest change in cardiac output that transthoracic echocardiography can detect?

What is the lowest change in cardiac output that transthoracic echocardiography can detect?

In critically ill patients, changes in the velocity-time integral (VTI) of the left ventricular outflow tract, measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), are often used to non-invasively assess the response to fluid administration or for performing tests assessing fluid responsiveness. Averaging three measurements within one TTE examination is enough for obtaining precise measurements for VTI in patients in sinus rhythm but not in patients with atrial fibrillation. Between two TTE examinations performed by the same operator, the LSC of VTI is compatible with the assessment of the effects of a 500-mL fluid infusion but is not precise enough for assessing the effects of some tests predicting preload responsiveness. We prospectively included 100 haemodynamically stable patients in whom TTE examination was planned.

CriticalCare.news
April 15, 2019

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