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A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China

A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China

4 lower respiratory tract samples, including bronchoalveolar-lavage fluid, were collected from patients with pneumonia of unknown cause who were identified in Wuhan on December 21, 2019, or later and who had been present at the Huanan Seafood Market close to the time of their clinical presentation.

7 bronchoalveolar-lavage fluid specimens were collected from patients in Beijing hospitals with pneumonia of known cause to serve as control samples.

Extraction of nucleic acids from clinical samples (including uninfected cultures that served as negative controls) was performed with a High Pure Viral Nucleic Acid Kit, as described by the manufacturer (Roche).

Extracted nucleic acid samples were tested for viruses and bacteria by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using the RespiFinderSmart22kit (PathoFinder BV) and the LightCycler 480 real-time PCR system, in accordance with manufacturer instructions.

3 adult patients presented with severe pneumonia and were admitted to a hospital in Wuhan on December 27, 2019.

Although 2019-nCoV is similar to some betacoronaviruses detected in bats, it is distinct from SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.

The 3 2019-nCoV coronaviruses from Wuhan, together with two bat-derived SARS-like strains, ZC45 and ZXC21, form a distinct clade in lineage B of the subgenus sarbecovirus.

January 28, 2020

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