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Aldosterone Synthase in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Contributes to Mechanical Hypersensitivity during Local Inflammation in Rats

Aldosterone Synthase in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Contributes to Mechanical Hypersensitivity during Local Inflammation in Rats

Local production of aldosterone by its processing enzyme aldosterone synthase within peripheral sensory neurons contributes to ongoing mechanical hypersensitivity during local inflammation via intrinsic activation of neuronal mineralocorticoid receptors.

In rats with Freund’s complete adjuvant–induced hind paw inflammation subcutaneous and intrathecal application of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, canrenoate-K, rapidly and dose-dependently attenuated nociceptive behavior (94 and 48% reduction in mean paw pressure thresholds, respectively), suggesting a tonic activation of neuronal mineralocorticoid receptors by an endogenous ligand.

Indeed, aldosterone immunoreactivity was abundant in peptidergic nociceptive neurons of dorsal root ganglia and colocalized predominantly with its processing enzyme aldosterone synthase and mineralocorticoid receptors. Moreover, aldosterone and its synthesizing enzyme were significantly upregulated in peripheral sensory neurons under inflammatory conditions.

In male Wistar rats with Freund’s complete adjuvant hind paw inflammation, the authors examined aldosterone, aldosterone synthase, and mineralocorticoid receptor expression in peripheral sensory neurons using quantitative reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunoprecipitation.

CriticalCare.news
January 30, 2020

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