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Exhaled Air Dispersion During Bag-mask Ventilation and Sputum Suctioning

Exhaled Air Dispersion During Bag-mask Ventilation and Sputum Suctioning

Mask ventilation and coughing during oro-tracheal suctioning produce aerosols that enhance nosocomial transmission of respiratory infections. We examined the extent of exhaled air dispersion from a human-patient-simulator during mask ventilation by different groups of healthcare workers and coughing bouts.

The simulator was programmed to mimic varying severity of lung injury.

Exhaled airflow was marked with tiny smoke particles, and highlighted by laser light-sheet.

We determined the normalized exhaled air concentration in the leakage jet plume from the light scattered by smoke particles. Smoke concentration ≥20% was considered as significant exposure.

Exhaled air leaked from mask-face interface in the transverse plane was most severe (267 ± 44 mm) with Ambu silicone resuscitator performed by nurses.

Dispersion was however similar among anesthesiologists/intensivists, respiratory physicians and medical students using Ambu or Laerdal silicone resuscitator, p = 0.974.

CriticalCare.news
June 19, 2020

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