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High Flow Nasal Oxygen for Acute Bronchiolitis?

High Flow Nasal Oxygen for Acute Bronchiolitis?

Since bronchiolitis is a clinical diagnosis, there is no test, including viral testing and radiography, which rules it in or out (Schuh et al 2007). Sadly, despite multiple guidelines (NICE, AAP, CPS), there has also been no “magic bullet” in terms of treatment. Hypertonic saline has been tried for acute bronchiolitis. A systematic review of this treatment modality was covered on SGEM#157. The bottom line at that time was that the data did not support the routine use of hypertonic saline for mild to moderate acute bronchiolitis. Although the vast majority of infants with bronchiolitis can be managed with supportive care at home, due to its high incidence, it is the number one reason for infants to be hospitalized.

CriticalCare.news
September 10, 2018

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