Tag: strategy

Upvote Story 5
By incorporating algorithms into the electronic health record (EHR), UPMC was able to realize a “dramatic” 72% reduction in missed doses, from 4,331 missed doses in 2014 to 1,193 in 2015, Dr. Neal told attendees in a session focused on hot topics in surgical patient safety. That decrease in missed doses has translated into a decreased rate of VTE, from an already relatively low rate... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Using the right word or phrase to describe a specific pathologic process/patient diagnosis and/or status is important, not only within the intensive care unit team, but also when we communicate with external consultants. This is not just a question of semantics. Using incorrect terms can lead to misunderstanding and even to incorrect therapeutic decisions. For example, it is not uncommon to see clinicians examining an... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 13
Synchrony between the patient and the ventilator is defined as the appropriate interaction between the two, where the ventilator recognizes patient’s effort and provides support for breathing at the right time—that is, inspiratory and expiratory times matches with patients’ times (patient’s neural time equals to ventilator times). In our humble opinion, the mismatch between the patient and the ventilator occurs because we set the ventilator... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Out-of-hours discharge from an ICU is strongly associated with both in-hospital death and ICU readmission. These effects persisted across all definitions of “out of hours” and across healthcare systems in different geographical locations. Whether these increases in mortality and readmission result from patient differences, differences in care, or a combination remains unclear. Our searches identified 1961 studies. We included unadjusted data from 1,191,178 patients from... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 9
Our current approach to allergy is primarily patient-based. This focuses on the patient’s prior history of reaction: how severe was it, when was it, how certain are we that it was truly allergic? This strategy has been proven to be inaccurate. For example, ~90% of patients who report a penicillin allergy are not allergic when skin-tested. An alternative strategy is a population-based approach. For example,... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
Early RRT initiation strategy was not associated with any improvement of 60-day mortality in patients with severe acute kidney injury and septic shock or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Unnecessary and potentially risky procedures might often be avoided in these fragile populations. Subgroups were defined according to baseline characteristics: sepsis status (Sepsis-3 definition), ARDS status (Berlin definition), Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3), and... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 11
Adherence to a bundle strategy is low following an educational intervention. However, when patients are managed after instruction in guideline recommendations, hospital stay may be significantly reduced. The main cause of sepsis in both groups was respiratory (59 vs 33; p = 0.72), without differences in the Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 score (7.23 vs 8.1; p = 0.23). The post-intervention group showed a reduced... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 14
Recent transcriptomic studies describe two subgroups of adults with sepsis differentiated by a sepsis response signature. The implied biology and related clinical associations are comparable with recently reported pediatric sepsis endotypes, labeled “A” and “B.” We classified adults with sepsis using the pediatric endotyping strategy and the sepsis response signature and determined how endotype assignment, sepsis response signature membership, and age interact with respect to... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 5
In the context of ICUs participating in a national registry, applying a multifaceted activating performance feedback strategy did not lead to better patient outcomes than only receiving periodical registry reports. The extent to which the intervention was implemented in daily practice varied considerably among intervention ICUs: the average monthly time investment per quality improvement team member was 4.1 hours (SD,2.; range, 0.6–8.1); the average number... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 14
There are roughly two strategies for adjusting the intensity of treatment: Titrated strategy: Treatment intensity is adjusted to match the severity of the disease. Escalation-deescalation strategy: Treatment intensity is increased rapidly to exceed disease severity and gain control of the disease. After the patient improves, treatment intensity is reduced. The best strategy depends on the situation. A titrated strategy is good for an outpatient with... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 7
Despite improving patient safety in some perioperative settings, some checklists are not living up to their potential and complaints of “checklist fatigue” and outright rejection of checklists are growing. Problems reported often concern human factors: poor design, inadequate introduction and training, duplication with other safety checks, poor integration with existing workflow, and cultural barriers. Each medical setting-such as an operating room or a critical care... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 12
The primary driver of length of stay after bowel surgery, particularly colorectal surgery, is the time to return of gastrointestinal (GI) function. Traditionally, delayed GI recovery was thought to be a routine and unavoidable consequence of surgery, but this has been shown to be false in the modern era owing to the proliferation of enhanced recovery protocols. However, impaired GI function is still common after... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 24
Extensive weight loss has been documented in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors, primarily as the result of muscle loss, leading to impaired physical function and reduced quality of life. The aim of the EAT-ICU trial is to test the effect of early goal-directed protein-energy nutrition based on measured requirements on short-term clinical outcomes and long-term physical quality of life in ICU patients. The optimal nutrition... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 4
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is becoming a common procedure to support patients with severe cardio-circulatory or respiratory failure as well as in case of combined compromise of the two systems. Deciding which ECMO configuration and proceeding with an uneventful implantation, however, may present minor or major shortcomings. Cannulation techniques should be tailored to specific patient conditions to provide sufficient regional and systemic perfusion, both of... Read More | Comment
Upvote Story 4
The safety of restrictive transfusion strategies likely differs for critically ill patients versus perioperative patients. Further trials investigating transfusion strategies in the perioperative setting are necessary. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality, sub-grouped by surgical and critical care patients. Secondary outcomes included myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, allogeneic blood exposure, and length of stay. Odds ratios and weighted mean differences were calculated using random... Read More | Comment